I have a conflict that I am trying to resolve, and maybe you can help me. It seems that certain ideas such as justice are engrained into the very being of people. Even when achieving justice will cost the people who have been hurt. For an example I will use an extreme case, Hitler and his associates killed millions and started a war that engulfed the entire world. Everyone wanted to see justice done which meant that Hitler and friends must pay for the deeds they did. But how does that help anyone to see them punished for their deeds. The armies searched for them when they invaded Germany and throughout the world until they found as many as they could. This took up huge ammounts of resources and time that could have been spent rebuilding the towns and houses destroyed, but we needed to see justice served or we would not have been satisfied. In a less dramatic sense, a four year old playing with a toy gets smacked by his older brother and so he hits back and decides that his older brother did not suffer as much as he did. So, he goes and tells mommy about the incident even though he knows that he will be in just as much trouble as his older brother for hitting. The older brother reminds him that he hit too and will get in trouble, but the younger brother does not care. The younger child is less mature but still seems to be operating from the same desire for justice despite the cost. How can justice despite consequesnces be so engrained in us that even a four year old understands it if it was not put into us by a creator? Evolution only seems to be able to create reactions and paradigms that would ensure suvival and reduce the amount of pain. How can this lead to the kind of justice that people feel a need for?